Faith in the writings of Aphrahat


The issue of faith forms the cornerstone of Aphrahat’s ascetic teaching, and it is dealt with in all the Demonstrations. The order and logical coherence of the top­ics discussed in the first homily, De Fide, particularly in the articles of Aphrahat’s Credo and the Letter of an Inquirer, as well as in the other Demonstrations, are clear and obvious only to someone who believes in the one and only God. The Persian sage elaborates the thought that the edifice of faith is built upon Christ who is its only foundation and, at the same time, its only head of the wall. The au­thor employs the existing biblical tradition, giving a Christocentric interpretation to the narration taken from the Book of Isaiah (cf. Is 50, 7). The works of faith, quoted in the form of biblical testimonia, which are typical of Aphrahat, cover the entire work of creation and demonstrate the greatness and the divine wisdom of the Creator acting throughout the history of salvation.


Sons of the Covenant; early Syrian asceticism; Judeo-Christian theology; polemics against Zoroastrianism

Aalst A.J. van der, A l’origine du monachisme syrien. Les ihidaye chez Aphraat, w: Fruc¬tus Centesimus. Mélanges offerts à Gerard J.M. Bartelink à l’occasion de son soixante-cinquième anniversaire, ed. A.A.R. Bastiaensen – A. Hilhorst – C.H. Kneepkens – G.J.M. Bartelink, Instru¬menta Patristica 19, Sint-Pietersabdij 1989
Aphraates, Demonstratio, ed. J. Parisot, PSyr 2, 128
Bruns P., Das Christusbild Aphrahats des Persischen Weisen, Bonn 1990
Constitutiones Apostolorum
Daniélou J., Teologia judeochrześcijańska: historia doktryn chrześcijańskich przed Soborem Nicejskim, tłum. S. Basista, Myśl Teologiczna 39, Kraków 2002
Epistola interrogatoris, ed. J. Parisot, w: Aphraatis Sapientis Persae Demonstrationes, PSyr 1
Lavenant R., Aphraate (270?-345?), NDPAC I
Murray R., Some Rhetorical Patterns in Early Syriac Literature, w: A Tribute to A. Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East, ed. R.H. Fischer, Chicago 1977, 109-131
Murray R., The Rock and the House on the Rock. A chapter in the ecclesiological symbolism of Aphraates and Ephrem, OCP 30 (1964)
Pierre M.-J., Introduction, w: Aphraate le Sage Persan, Les Exposés, t. 1: Exposés I-X, traduction du syriaque, introduction et notes par M.-J. Pierre, SCh 349, Paris 1988
Pierre M.-J., Introduction, w: Les Odes de Salomon, traduction, introduction et notes par M.-J. Pierre, Apocryphes 4, Turnhout 1994
Szulc F., Syn Boży w „Pasterzu” Hermasa. Świadectwo chrystologii judeochrześcijań¬skiej, SACh SN 2, Katowice 2006
Teister W. – Uciecha A., Postawa chrześcijan Kościoła Perskiego w czasie prześladowań Szapura II, VoxP 32 (2012) t. 57, 451-462
Uciecha A., Ascetyczna nauka w „Mowach” Afrahata, Studia i Materiały Wydziału Teo-logicznego Uniwersytetu Śląskiego w Katowicach 3, Katowice 2002
Uciecha A., Postawa duchowieństwa Kościoła Perskiego w czasie prześladowań Sza¬pura II, w: Vobis Episkopus vobiscum christianus, red. W. Myszor – A. Malina, Katowice 2004
Uciecha A., Wątki polemiczne w pismach Afrahata i świętego Efrema, w: Chrześcijaństwo antyczne, red. J. Drabina, Studia Religiologica 39, Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego 1289, Kraków 2006
Wright W., Apocryphal Acts of the Apostels, edited from syriac manuscripts in the British Museum, vol. 1: The syriac texts, London 1871

Published : 2018-12-16

Uciecha, A. (2018). Faith in the writings of Aphrahat. Vox Patrum, 61, 479-492. Retrieved from

Andrzej Uciecha 
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach  Poland

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>