Elihu as a sage in the history of exegesis of the Book of Job on the example of anonymus "Commentarii in Job".


Abstract

Elihu is the first amongst the ancient commentators in the history of exegesis of the Book of Job. Currently, he is becoming more and more popular as a subject of research on the Book of Job. Regarding the Elihu's appearance, most of exegetes take the view that his speech must have been included in the Book of Job at a later time, because Elihu had been mentioned neither in the prologue, nor in the epilogue of the original text. Also, the language of his articulation differs from the language of Job's three other friends. Additionally, his speeches don't show the structure of a dialogue, and the main subject of Elihu's speech differs from arguments put forward by his predecessors in discussion. In this present article I analysed the person of Elihu on the example of anonymous Commentarii in Job. This subject has been presented in three scenes. Firstly, I summarised Commentarii in Job that was also a subject of my Ph.D. dissertation. Secondly, I drew the image of Elihu, as it emerges from the analysed commentary. The final and the most important section depicts Elihu's relation to God, to Job and Job's three friends, based on Commentarii in Job. Fragments of Commentarii in Job are the author's own translations.


Keywords

Elihu; Job; Commentary

ANONYMUS, Commentarii in Job 32-37, PL 26, 721 C-745 B, tłum. M. Jóźwiak: Anonim, Komentarz do Księgi Hioba (Commentarii in Job), czyli epitoma „Komentarza do historii Hioba” Filipa Prezbitera, Wrocław 2018, s. 278-331.
HIERONYMUS, Liber interpretationis hebraicorum nominum, PL 23, 839.
CICCARESE M.-P., „Una esegesi „double face”. Introduzione all’ „Expositio in Iob” del presbitero Filippo”, ASE 9 (1992) 483-492.
JÓŹWIAK M., „Komentarz do historii Hioba” Filipa Prezbitera a epitoma tego dzieła. Przyczynek do badań porównawczych nad tymi tekstami, VoxP 34 (2014) 185-195.
JÓŹWIAK M., „Komentarz do historii Hioba” Filipa Prezbitera, Wrocław 2015.
JÓŹWIAK M., Idea niezawinionego cierpienia w „Komentarzu do historii Hioba” Filipa Prezbitera, CT 85 (2015), nr 2, 83-93.
KOEHLER L. – BAUMGARTNER W. – STAMM J.J., Wielki słownik hebrajsko-polski i aramejsko-polski Starego Testamentu, red. wyd. pol. P. Dec, I, Warszawa 2008.

Published : 2019-07-02


Jóźwiak, M. (2019). Elihu as a sage in the history of exegesis of the Book of Job on the example of anonymus "Commentarii in Job". Vox Patrum, 71, 255-270. https://doi.org/10.31743/vp.4171

Magdalena Jóźwiak  czarnasuri@wp.pl
Uniwersytet Wrocławski  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1253-1162

Fields of Research

Patrology, comments of the Fathers of the Church to the Bible, biblical philology, biblical symbolism, textual criticism, didactic books of the Old Testament.

Education

2004/2005 – 2008/2009 – studies of Classical Philology on Faculty of Philology at the University of Wrocław.

2007/20082011/2012 – studies of Theology in the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław.

2007/2008 – 2008/2009 – course of Modern Hebrew at Department of Jewish Studies in the University of Wrocław.

2009/20102013/2014 – doctoral studies in Classical Philology on Faculty of Philology in the University of Wrocław.

2009/20102012/2013 – doctoral studies in Biblical Theology in the Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław.

 






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