The Motif of "Trial" as An Element of the Educational Process in the Texts of Pentateuch


The notion of “trial” as an element of the bringing up of Israel. In this article we have tried to prove the thesis that the notion of “trial” derives from Deuteronomy. The “trial” was then combined with another metaphoric motive which depicted the relationship between JHWH and Israel as the relationship between father and son. From the canonic point of view, Israel did not stand up to the trial. Postexilic theology chose Abraham to be a positive example of going through the trial as he represents hope for the future.


upbringing; trial; father and son relationship; Abraham; Pentateuch; desert; murmuring motif

Published : 2015-08-25

Lemański, J. (2015). The Motif of "Trial" as An Element of the Educational Process in the Texts of Pentateuch. Verbum Vitae, 21, 19-38.

Janusz Lemański

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

(1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC license Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 

(2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

(3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).