Hireing in Mal 3:5 as a Sign of Social Crisis in the First Half of the 5th Century BC


The main aim of the article is to illustrate the social crisis in the 5th century BC, whose symbol in Mal 3,5 is a hireling working for wages. The grammatical and syntactic analysis of the expression Sükar-Säkîr helps to elucidate the situation of the hireling in the 5th century BC brought almost to the status of slave. The editorial addition, identifiable in Mal 3,1-5, is in turn the evidence of attempt to incorporate the original prophecy of Malachi in the process of extinguishing the embers of the social crisis.


Malachi; wages; hireling; wages of hireling; mercenary; social crisis

Published : 2014-06-01

Zawadzki, A. (2014). Hireing in Mal 3:5 as a Sign of Social Crisis in the First Half of the 5th Century BC. Verbum Vitae, 25, 81-102. https://doi.org/10.31743/vv.1572

Arnold Zawadzki  naporus@gmail.com

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