The Late Ancient Appeals to Recognize Human Dignity: Basil of Caesarea, Ambrose of Milan, Leo the Great, Master of Verona

Jadwiga Guerrero van der Meijden

Jagiellonial University, Kraków , Poland


The article analyses late ancient Christian appeals to recognize human dignity, specifically those formulated by Basil of Caesarea, Ambrose of Milan, Leon the Great and an anonymous Master of Verona. The analyses is divided into parts pertaining to each listed author and finalized with sections investigating firstly, the interrelations between the presented texts as well as a hypothesis of Leo’s reliance on Basil’s and Ambrose’s texts, and secondly, the influences of the appeals on the subsequent centuries. The study points to biblical, ancient Greek and Roman inspirations of various calls. I argue that Leo’s formulation is indirectly inspired by the Delphic gnothi seauton formula that was specified by the Christian thinkers to human axiological status and filled in with biblical expressions.


human dignity, patristic anthropology, Church Fathers, Basilius of Caesarea, Ambrose of Milan, Leo the Great, Master of Verona

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Guerrero van der Meijden, J. (2022). The Late Ancient Appeals to Recognize Human Dignity: Basil of Caesarea, Ambrose of Milan, Leo the Great, Master of Verona. Vox Patrum, 83, 141–162.

Jadwiga Guerrero van der Meijden
Jagiellonial University, Kraków


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