„To tie the strong man” – the battle of Jesus and Beelzebub. Ancient exegesis of Matthew 12, 29 and parallel texts
Agnieszka Bastit-KalinowskaUniversité de Lorraine , France
Although Peter seems to echo the opinion commonly held when he says that Jesus „went about doing good” (Act 10, 38), Jesus was accused of „casting out demons by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons” (Mt 12, 24). In answer, he proposes a very short parable, the one of the „Strong one” tied up to seize his goods (Mt 12, 29). The present article studies the influence of this verse in the early Christian literature. The victory of the Saviour over evil is interpreted as the result of a cosmic fight (Origen) or as the merciful redemption of the human being and his restoration and vivification by the Holy Spirit (Irenaeus).
Keywords:strong man, exegesis, Mt 12, 29
Basilius Caesariensis, De Spiritu Sancto, ed. B. Pruche, SCh 17bis, Paris 1968
Bastit A., Le salut comme libération dans l’exégèse primitive des évangiles: LUO et LUSIS, w: Pagani e Cristiani alla ricerca della salvezza (secoli I-III). XXXIV Incontro di studiosi dell’antichità cristiana, Roma 2006
Bastit-Kalinowska A., L’Introduc¬tion d’Antonio Orbe à la théologie des IIe et IIIe siècles et l’apologue du «Fort ligoté» (Mt 12, 29 et parallèles), „Gregorianum” 94 (2013) 286-300
Beda Venerabilis, In Lucae evangelium expositio, ed. D. Hurst, CCL 120, Turnhout 1960
Bovon F., L’évangile selon saint Luc (9, 51 - 14, 35), Genève 1996
Chromatius Aquileiensis, Tractatus in Matthaeum, ed. R. Étaix – J. Lemarié, CCL 9A, Turnhout 1974
Évangile selon Thomas, w: Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, I, ed. P. Geoltrain – F. Bovon, Paris 1997
Hieronim, Commentarius in Matthaeum, ed. É. Bonnard, SCh 242, Paris 1977
Hilarius Pictaviensis, Commentarius in Matthaeum, ed. J. Doignon, SCh 254, Paris 1978
Irenaeus, Adversus haereses, ed. F. Sagnard, SCh 34, Paris 1952
Jan Paweł II, Pamięć i tożsamość, Kraków 2005
Justyn, Dialogus cum Tryphone, PG 6
Melito Sardensis, De Pascha, ed. O. Perler, SCh 123, Paris 1966
Orbe A., Introduccion a la teologia de los siglos II y III, II, Roma 1987
Origenes, Commentarii in Epistulam ad Romanos, ed. C.P. Hammond Bammel – M. Fédou – L. Brésard, SCh 539, Paris 2010
Origenes, In Iesu Nave hom., ed. A. Jaubert, SCh 71, Paris 1960
Tertullianus, Adversus Marcionem, ed. C. Moreschini – R. Braun, SCh 456, Paris 2001
Pursuant to the Act on Copyright and Related Rights of February 4, 1994, the Author of the publication grants the Publisher of the journal "Vox Patrum" a non-exclusive and free license to use the Work submitted for publication for an indefinite period of time on an unlimited territory in the following fields of use:
a. In the field of recording and reproducing the work - producing copies of the work using a specific technique, including printing, reprographic, magnetic recording and digital technology;
b. Within the scope of trading in the original or copies on which the work has been recorded - marketing, lending or renting the original or copies;
c. In the scope of disseminating the work in a manner other than specified in point b - public performance, exhibition, display, reproduction, broadcasting and rebroadcasting, as well as making the work available to the public, so that everyone can have access to it at a place and time chosen by them.
Moreover, the Author allows the Publisher free of charge to use and dispose of the compilations of the Works.
The publisher may grant sub-licenses.
Third parties may use the Works and other materials containing or based on the Works in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (also known as CC-BY-NC 4.0) license pattern.