Wizerunek pustyni i jej mieszkańców w świetle świadectw Świętych Ojców z Synaju


Abstrakt

We owe important testimonies about local nomads to monks and pilgrims vi­siting Sinai. The information about them can be found in the works of Nilus of Sinai, Nilus of Ancyra, Ammonius, Jerome, Anastasius Sinaita or John Moschos. The image of the nomads, both Arabs and Blemmyds is painted in rather dark co­lours. The Christian authors pointed to the fact that they did not have permanent residences, nor cultivated land, but lived on what they hunted or robbed. They de­voted much attention to the attacks of the nomads on monasteries, hermits and pil­grims. They also reported the fate of the latter in captivity. They were shocked by Saracen beliefs, the cult of al-Uzza, identified with Aphrodite and bloody victims, especially human, although the latter has often been questioned by researchers. It seems that such practices may have happened, although rarely. Those Saracens who had adopted Christianity were presented in a different manner. They were allies of monks and hermits, defending them fromtheir pagan brothers. Even if their customs had not radically changed, for the Christian writers they were no longer barbarians. In the written sources, there is little information about collaboration between ascetics and nomadic communities, although we know from the archaeological sources that it took place, even in the form of trade exchange.


Słowa kluczowe

Synaj; Arabowie; Saraceni; pustelnicy; mnisi; stereotypy; barbarzyńcy

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Opublikowane : 2018-12-12


Wolińska, T. (2018). Wizerunek pustyni i jej mieszkańców w świetle świadectw Świętych Ojców z Synaju. Vox Patrum, 70, 559-600. https://doi.org/10.31743/vp.3222

Teresa Wolińska 
Uniwersytet Łódzki  Polska




Zgodnie z regulacjami prawnymi zawartymi w ustawie o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych z dnia 4 lutego 1994 r., autor przekazuje autorskie prawa majątkowe dotyczące składanego dzieła wydawcy czasopisma "Vox Patrum". Przeniesienie praw autorskich do składanego dzieła następuje na wszystkich polach eksploatacji, w szczególności tych wymienionych w art. 50 ustawy o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych: 1. W zakresie utrwalania i zwielokrotniania utworu – wytwarzanie określoną techniką egzemplarzy dzieła, w tym techniką drukarską, reprograficzną, zapisu magnetycznego oraz techniką cyfrową. 2. W zakresie obrotu oryginałem albo egzemplarzami , na których dzieło utrwalono – wprowadzanie do obrotu, użyczenie lub najem oryginału albo egzemplarzy. 3. W zakresie rozpowszechniania utworu w sposób inny niż określony w pkt. 2 – publiczne wykonanie, wystawienie, wyświetlenie, odtworzenie oraz nadawanie i reemitowanie, a także publiczne udostępnianie utworu, aby każdy mógł mieć do niego dostęp w miejscu i czasie przez siebie wybranym.

Za zgodą Redakcji czasopisma artykuły i recenzje opublikowane w półroczniku "Vox Patrum" mogą być przedrukowywane w innych publikacjach.

Autor, w celach niekomercyjnych, może w dowolny sposób, bez zgody Redakcji, rozpowszechniać swój tekst w wersji elektronicznej.

Redakcja publikuje teksty on-line na licencji Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 PL

 

 


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