Military system of Peloponnese proposed by George Gemistos Plethon


The article summarises, analyses and develops the opinions conveyed by the secondary literature regarding the inspirations for the reorganisation of the military system of Peloponnese as proposed by George Gemistos Plethon. Three sources of inspiration taken into consideration are: the ancient one (Platonic theo­retical framework and the Spartan society), the Byzantine one (the pronoia sys­tem) and the Ottoman one (the timar system). It seems that for Plethon the ancient component was more important in the symbolic sphere related to the Hellenic identity promoted by him. The core of the reform consists of the idea of binding the duties towards the state with the income derived from the land. The analogies are to be found among the institutions contemporary to Plethon.


Plethon; pronoia; timar; Platonic theoretical framework; Spartan society

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Published : 2015-07-15

Raszewski, J. (2015). Military system of Peloponnese proposed by George Gemistos Plethon. Vox Patrum, 63, 445-457.

Jacek Raszewski 
Uniwersytet Warszawski  Poland