Polemic with Jews and Judaism in "Ad Quirinum" (liber primus) of Cyprian from Carthage


The article presents a short description of the text as a collection of biblical quotes focused on such topics as the Mosaic Law (Book I), Christology (Book II) and Christian virtues (Book III) and also comments on the version of the biblical text that Cyprian cites. A survey of comparative studies showed that the biblical text cited by Cyprian departs from the Hieronim Vulgate. Secondly, Cyprian's writing is an autonomous treatise independent of Adversus Iudaeos Tertullian, written at the request of Quirinius, who aimed to provide the addressee and other Christians in Carthage tools in the form of biblical passages to fight the growing Jewish proselytism. As for the historical context of its creation, the treaty is part of the middle of the third century. Previous good relations between Christians and Jews in North Africa, as evidenced by even Jewish necropolises with Christian graves or inscriptions with a cross and a menorah, are beginning to break due to the growing Jewish proselytism and the growth of the Christian community.


Cyprian of Carthage; Testimonia; Ad Quirinium

CYPRIAN, Ad Quirinium, (Testimoniorum lobri tres), ed. W. Hartl, CSEL 3,1, Vindobonae 1868, s. 33-184; tł. polskie J. Czuj, Tascjusza Cecyliusza Cypriana, „Do Kwiryna” (Świadectw trzy księgi), POK 19, Poznań 1937, 113-134.
TERTULIAN, Przeciw Żydom, tł. W. Myszor, w: Tertulian, Wybór pism II, PSP 29, Warszawa 1983, s. 182-218.
ADAMIAK S., Żydzi w Rzymskiej Afryce Północnej, Biblica et Patristica Thoruniensia 7 (2014) 97-113.
ALBL M. CH., „And Scripture cannot Be Broken”. Function of the Early Christians Testimonial Collections. NTSup 96, Leiden 1999.
AUDET J. P., L’Hypothese des Testimonia, Revue Biblique 70 (1963) 381-405.
AZIZA C., Tertullian et le judaïsme, Nice 1977.
BLUMENKRANZ B., Augustin et les Juifs, Recherches augustiniennes 1 (1958) s. 225–241.
BLUMENKRANZ B., Juifs et chrétiens dans le monde occidental. 430–1096, Leuven 1960.
BRAUDE W. G., Jewish Proselyting in the First Five Centuries of the Common Era: The Age of the Tannaim and Amoraim, Providence (RI) 1940.
CAMPS G., Réflexions sur l’origine des Juifs des régions nord-sahariennes, [w:] Communautés juives des marges sahariennes du Maghreb, Paris 1982, s. 57–67.
CHADWICK H., Justin Martyr’s Defence of Christianity, John Ryands Library 47 (1965) s. 275-297.
DECRET F., Early Christianity in North Africa, Cambridge 2011.
DELATTRE A. L., Gamart ou nécropole juive de Carthage, Lyon 1895.
FERRI R., Regional Differentiation and the Old Latin Bible?, Linguarum Varietas 6 (2017) s. 255-261.
FREDERIKSON P., Augustine and the Jews: A Christian Defense of Jews and Judaism, New York 2008.
FREND W. H. C., Jews and Christians in Third Century Carthage, w: Paganisme, Judaisme, Christianisme. Influences et affrontements dans le monde antique, Paris 1978.
FREZOULS E., Une synagogue juive attestée à Volubilis, w: Acta of the Fifth International Conference of Greek and Latin Epigraphy, Cambridge 1971, s. 287–293.
GEBBIA C., Le comunità giudaica nell’Africa romana antica e tardoantica, L’Africa Romana 3 (1986) 101–112.
GOODMAN M., Mission and Conversion. Proselytizing in the Religious History of the Roman Empire, Oxford 1994.
HADAS-LEBEL M., Les juifs en Afrique romaine, w: Questions d’histoire. L’Afrique romaine de 69 à 439. Romanisation et christianisation, red. B. Cabouret, Nantes 2005, s. 325–334.
HIRSCHENBERG W. Z., A History of Jews in North Africa. I. From Antiquity to the Sixteenth Century, Leyde 1974.
HORBURY W., Jewish and Christian Origins in Roman Africa, w: The Rise and Expansion of Christianity in the First Three Centuries of the Common Era, red. C.K. Rotschild, J. Schröter, Tübingen 2013, s. 51–69.
HOUGTON H. A. G., The Latin New Testament: A Guide to its Early History, Text and Manuscripts, Oxford 2016 .
KEDAR B., The Latin Translations, Mikra (1988) s. 299-338.
LE BOHEC Y., Les sources archéologiques du judaïsme africain, w: Juifs et judaïsme en Afrique du Nord, red. C. Iancu, J. M. Lassère, Montpellier 1987, s. 13–47.
LE BOHEC Y., Inscriptions juives et judaïsantes de l’Afrique romaine, Antiquités africaines, 17 (1981), s. 165–207.
LINDER A., La loi romaine et les Juifs d’Afrique du Nord, w: Juifs et judaïsme en Afrique du Nord, red. C. Iancu, J. M. Lassère, Montpellier 1987, s. 57–64.
LOWY S., The Confutation of Judaism in the Epistle of Barnabas, Journal of Jewish Studies 11 (1960) s. 1-33.
KRAFT A. R., Barnabas’ Isaiah Text and ‘The Testimony Book” Hypothesis, Journal of Biblical Literature 79 (1960) 336-350.
LUND J., A Synagogue at Carthage? Menorah Lamp, Journal of Roman Archeology. Supplement 8 (1995) 7–29.
MISIARCZYK L., Il Midrash nel Dialogo con Trifone di Giustino Martire, Płock 1999.
O’HAGAN A., Early Christian Exegesis exemplified from the Epistle of Barnabas, Australian Biblical Review 11 (1963) s. 33-40.
PRIGENT P., Les Testimonia dans le Christianisme primitive. L’Épitre de Barnabé I-XVI et ses source, Paris 1961.
QUASTEM J., Patrologia, t. I, Casale Monferrato 1980, s. 593-594.
QUISPEL G., The Discussion fo Judaic-Christianit. Additional Note, Vetera Christianorum 22 (1968) 81-93.
RABELLO A. M., Justinian and the Revision of Jewish Legal Status, w: The Cambridge History of Judaism, red. S. Katz, Cambridge 2006, t. 4, s. 1073–1076.
RENDEL HARRIS J., Testimonies, t. I, Cambridge 1916; tom II, Cambrdige 1920.
SETZER C., Jews, Jewish Christians and Judaizers in North Africa, w: Putting Body and Soul Together, red. V. Wiles, A. Brown, G. F. Snyder, Valley Forge 1997, s. 185–200.
STERN K. B., Inscribing Devotion and Death: Archeological Evidence for Jewish Populations of North Africa, Leiden–Boston 2007.
TREBOLLE BARRERA J., Lo Christiano e lo Judio en la Vetus Latina, El Olivo 15 (1991) 123-141.

Published : 2019-12-15

Misiarczyk, L. (2019). Polemic with Jews and Judaism in "Ad Quirinum" (liber primus) of Cyprian from Carthage. Vox Patrum, 72, 79-96. https://doi.org/10.31743/vp.4556

Leszek Misiarczyk  lmisiarczyk@o2.pl
Instytut Nauk Historycznych na Wydziale Nauk Historycznych i Społecznych Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie  Poland

Most read articles by the same author(s)