The Cup of YHWH as a Metaphor for God’s Wrath in the Old Testament Prophets


Abstract

One of the many metaphors used by the Prophets is that of the cup of YHWH (kôs YHWH). Thirteen prophetic oracles, either directly or indirectly, employ this metaphor. The result of drinking the cup of YHWH is drunkenness, staggering, reeling, dishonour and shame, the result of being made naked and being uncircumcised, vomiting, self-mutilation and desolation. The one who has to drink the cup is humiliated in front of his neighbours and enemies. Those entities condemned to drink God’s cup, as the metaphor is applied, include Jerusalem as well as foreign nations. This punishment is a final blow for them and so deals death to them, just as alcohol when it is drunk in excess. However, God, when He comes to show compassion, removes the cup and gives salvation, though this outcome pertains only to Jerusalem and not to foreign enemies.


Keywords

wrath of God; Jerusalem; punishment; cup of YHWH; foregin nations; prophets of the OT

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Published : 2018-11-07


Szmajdziński, M. (2018). The Cup of YHWH as a Metaphor for God’s Wrath in the Old Testament Prophets. Verbum Vitae, 34, 129-168. https://doi.org/10.31743/vv.2018.34.06

Mariusz Szmajdziński  mar.szmaj@hoga.pl
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5577-8993

Ks. Mariusz Szmajdziński, prezbiter diecezji łowickiej, doktor teologii biblijnej (KUL), licencjat nauk biblijnych (PIB), magister filologii klasycznej (UMK), kierownik Katedry Filologii Biblijnej Telewizyjnego Uniwersytetu Biblijnego (Telewizja Trwam), członek Stowarzyszenia Biblistów Polskich, moderator Dzieła Biblijnego im. Jana Pawła II w diecezji łowickiej, członek rady kapłańskiej diecezji łowickiej. Główny obszar zainteresowań: profetyzm biblijny (zwłaszcza księgi dwunastu proroków), filologia i literatura orientalistyczna (zwłaszcza syryjska) oraz filologia i literatura klasyczna (zwłaszcza grecka). Autor kilku książek, kilkunastu tłumaczeń tekstów biblijnych, apokryficznych i Ojców Kościoła, kilkudziesięciu artykułów naukowych oraz recenzji. Prowadzi stałe audycje w radio i telewizji oraz wykłady w Kościele Środowisk Twórczych w Warszawie.

 






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