The Terminology of Anger in the Septuagint


The article discusses selected aspects of “anger” terminology in the Greek Bible. The Septuagint basically uses two terms to express anger, θυμός and ὀργή, and rarely any others. The two words are used in the LXX interchangeably, it seems to express both the wrath of God and the wrath of people and animals. The article discusses both of these key terms, along with their etymology and occurrence within classical Greek literature, recognizing that the terminology of the LXX is based both upon those classical texts – which often refer to the theme of “anger”, starting with the oldest known Greek texts – as well as on the Jewish tradition, incorporating many so-called “Hebraisms” and expressions characteristic of the Hebrew Bible. In addition, the article shows that the LXX terminology regarding anger also had an influence on the New Testament, on both a terminological and conceptual level.


anger; wrath; Greek terminology; LXX; Septuagint; classical Greek literature; θυμός; ὀργή

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Published : 2018-11-07

Strzałkowska, B. (2018). The Terminology of Anger in the Septuagint. Verbum Vitae, 34, 169-189.

Barbara Strzałkowska
Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Warszawa  Poland

Barbara Strzałkowska, doktor habilitowany nauk teologicznych w zakresie teologii biblijnej, wykładowca Pisma Świętego na Wydziale Teologicznym Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie. Szczególne zainteresowania: Septuaginta (geneza, charakter przekładu, interpretacja), literatura mądrościowa Starego Testamentu, szczególnie Księgi Hioba i Księgi Przysłów, w ich hebrajskiej i greckiej tradycji.

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