The Role and Meaning of the "Daughters of Covenant" in the Persian Church in the Fourth and Fifth Century AD


Abstract

The unequivocal negative role of women, described as "harp" of satan, find its substraturn in the anthropological concept of Afrahat, which is based on a hierarchy of the virtue of creatures. The mistrust of women did not flow from "ontological motives", but from the practical considerations which were ber source (Guillaumont). Faithfulness to the biblical concept of creatures does not allow the complete negation of the value of women although, in the specific advice given to the "athletes" the theoretical opinions on this subject were caused to undergo various modifications. In these circumstances there was evidence of a radical stance in the sage in his appraisement of women, the principle of the degrees of good in creatures would be: all the works of God are good, but some are worse. It is not without good reason that the fact remains, that the uncompromising attitude to women is most frequently found in the Demonstrations on the Sons of the Covenant and On Virginity and Holiness, which touch on the themes of virginity and celibacy.

Keywords

woman; Afrahat; daughters of the Covenant; virginity; Early Persian Church; Persian’s asceticism; Persian Martyrs


Published : 2011-01-14


Uciecha, A. (2011). The Role and Meaning of the "Daughters of Covenant" in the Persian Church in the Fourth and Fifth Century AD. Verbum Vitae, 19, 233-246. https://doi.org/10.31743/vv.2028

Andrzej Uciecha  naporus@gmail.com




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

(1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC license Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 

(2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

(3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).