The “Ideal” Calendar in the Book of Jubilees


Abstract

In the mid-2nd century B.C., Palestinian Judaism experienced a profound upheaval as, among other things, a pagan temple calendar was introduced to the cult. The Maccabean Uprising was one reaction to this revolution. Another consequence was the secession of a group of clergymen and worshipers to the desert, led by the Teacher of Righteousness. This group adopted their own liturgical calendar, which had been devised a bit earlier by the author of the Book of Jubilees. There, the basis for the calculation of festive dates is not the cycles of the moon, but rather a solar year consisting of 364 days. This number, divided by 7, allowed the celebration of the Sabbath and the other feasts of Israel in a regular order, with no disruption related to the calculation of lunar months.


Keywords

Book of Jubilees; solar cultic calendar; Machabees; Qumran

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Published : 2020-12-21


Tronina, A. (2020). The “Ideal” Calendar in the Book of Jubilees. Verbum Vitae, 38(1), 63–78. https://doi.org/10.31743/vv.1949

Antoni Tronina  ajtronina@gmail.com
Instytut Nauk Biblijnych KUL  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3976-8271

Antoni Tronina, prezbiter archidiecezji częstochowskiej, profesor nauk teologicznych, emerytowany profesor zwyczajny KUL, autor wielu książek z różnych dziedzin biblistyki i apokryfistyki; redaktor serii Nowy Komentarz Biblijny Stary Testament; w ostatnim czasie opublikował Apokryficzne księgi Barucha (Apokryfy Starego Testamentu 5; Kraków: Enigma 2018) oraz Targum Neofiti 1. Księga Kapłańska (Biblia Aramejska 3; Lublin: Gaudium 2019).






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