The Inter-American Court of Human Rights Advisory Opinion OC-23/17 on the Relationship between Human Rights and the Environment

Przemysław Siwior

Instytut Ochrony Środowiska, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy , Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1929-5094


Abstrakt

On 15 November 2017, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued an advisory opinion OC-23/17 on the relationship between human rights and the environment. The opinion responded to a request made by Colombia pursuant to Article 64(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights regarding extraterritorial jurisdiction of state parties to the Convention resulting from mega-infrastructure projects in the Greater Caribbean region.

The purpose of this article is to discuss the general issues dealt with by the Court, concentrating on the significance of this Advisory Opinion for international law. The opinion contains two main interesting aspects. First, in the light of the opinion, states are responsible for the environmental damage they cause, regardless of whether it occurs within their borders or beyond them. Second, the Advisory Opinion recognizes that the right to a healthy environment is an autonomous, fundamental human right that shall be protected.

Słowa kluczowe:

advisory opinion, IACtHR, human rights, environment, extraterritorial jurisdiction

Abello‐Galvis, Ricardo, and Walter Arevalo‐Ramirez. “Inter‐American Court of Human Rights Advisory Opinion OC‐23/17: Jurisdictional, procedural and substantive implications of human rights duties in the context of environmental protection.” Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law 28, Issue 2 (2019): 217–222.

Berkes, Antal. “A New Extraterritorial Jurisdictional Link Recognised by the IACtHR.” 2018. https://www.ejiltalk.org/a-new-extraterritorial-jurisdictional-link-recognised-by-the-iacthr/. Accessed February 4, 2021.

Feria-Tinta, Monica, and Simon Milnes. “The Rise of Environmental Law in International Dispute Resolution: The Inter-American Court of Human Rights Issues a Landmark Advisory Opinion on the Environment and Human Rights.” Yearbook of International Environmental Law 27, no. 1 (2016): 64–81.

Giannino, Domenico. “The Ground-Breaking Advisory Opinion OC-23/17of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Healthy Environment and Human Rights, Int’l J.Const. L. Blog.” 2018. http://www.iconnectblog.com/2018/12/the-ground-breaking-advisory-opinion-oc-23-17-of-the-inter-american-court-of-human-rights-healthy-environment-and-human-rights/. Accessed February 4, 2021.

Jaskiernia, Jerzy. Amerykański system ochrony praw człowieka. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, 2015.

Kuźniar, Roman. Prawa Człowieka. Prawo, Instytucje, Stosunki Międzynarodowe. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo naukowe Scholar, 2004.

Orzeszyna, Krzysztof, Michał Skwarzyński, and Robert Tabaszewski. Prawo międzynarodowe praw człowieka. Warsaw: C.H. Beck, 2020.

Papantoniou, Angeliki. “Advisory Opinion on the Environment and Human Rights.” American Journal of International Law 112, Issue 3 (2018): 460–466.

Pinto-Bazurco, Jose Felix. “The Inter-American Court of Human Rights Recognizes a Right to a Healthy Environment in Recent Advisory Opinion.” 2018. http://blogs.law.columbia.edu/climatechange/2018/02/23/the-inter-american-court-of-human-rights-recognizes-a-right-to-a-healthy-environment-in-recent-advisory-opinion/. Accessed February 4, 2021.

Symonides, Janusz. “Międzyamerykański Trybunał Praw Człowieka.” In Historia. Stosunki międzynarodowe. Amerykanistyka. Księga Jubileuszowa na 65-lecie Profesora Wiesława Dobrzyckiego, edited by Stanisław Bieleń, 537–552. Warsaw: ASPRA-JR, 2001.

Tabaszewski, Robert. “Międzyamerykański Trybunał Praw Człowieka jako panamerykański organ sądowniczy.” In Oblicza Ameryki Łacińskiej, edited by Katarzyna Krzywicka, and Joanna Kaczyńska, 83–94. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 2010.


Opublikowane
2021-08-21


Siwior, P. (2021). The Inter-American Court of Human Rights Advisory Opinion OC-23/17 on the Relationship between Human Rights and the Environment. Review of European and Comparative Law, 46(3), 177–188. https://doi.org/10.31743/recl.11915

Przemysław Siwior  przemek.siwior@gmail.com
Instytut Ochrony Środowiska, Państwowy Instytut Badawczy

Dr. Przemysław Siwior, Institute of Environmental Protection, National Research Institute; correspondence address: ul. Krucza 5/11D, 00-548 Warsaw, Poland; e-mail: Przemyslaw.Siwior@kobize.pl; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1929-5094.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1929-5094



Licencja

Creative Commons CC-BY