Legal Basis for Introducing Restrictions on Human Rights and Freedoms during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Karol Dobrzeniecki

Wydział Prawa i Administracji, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika , Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6364-9793

Bogusław Przywora

Faculty of Law and Economy, Jan Długosz University , Polska
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-3971


Abstrakt

In this article, we attempt to present the legal grounds for introducing restrictions on human rights during the COVID-19 pandemic from a comparative legal perspective. We refer to the findings of a research project completed in 2020, trying to synthesize them and confront them with existing theoretical models. We strive to capture general patterns in the legal basis for states’ actions in response to global threats such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Comparative legal research contributes to the creation of universal solutions, which, taking into account the specificity of the system, can then be applied in local conditions.

Słowa kluczowe:

COVID-19 pandemic, states of emergency, restriction of human rights and freedoms

Albisinni, Marina, and Licia Giannone. “L’insegnamento del COVID-19 sullo stato di emergenza: non è mai troppo tardi.” Questione Giustizia, June 19, 2020. https://www.questionegiustizia.it/articolo/l-insegnamento-del-COVID-19-sullo-stato-di-emergenza-non-e-mai-troppo-tardi. Accessed March 10, 2021.

Bouhon, Frédéric, Andy Jousten, Xavier Miny, and Emmanuel Slautsky. “L’État belge face à la pandémie de Covid-19: esquisse d’un régime d’exception.” Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP 2446 (2020): 1–56.

Ip, Stephanie, and Scott Brown. “COVID-19 Update for March 19: Here’s the Latest on Coronavirus in B.C.” Vancouver Sun, March 20, 2020. https://vancouversun.com/news/local-news/covid-19-update-for-march-19-heres-the-latest-on-coronavirus-in-b-c. Accessed March 10, 2021.

Dawson, Tyler. “As the COVID-19 Pandemic Hit, Provinces Declared States of Emergency. Now Many are up for Renewal. Here is a Look at the Current States of Emergency Plans Across the Country.” National Post, April 15, 2020. https://nationalpost.com/news/provincial-states-of-emergencies-were-issued-a-month-ago-most-are-coming-up-for-renewal. Accessed March 10, 2020.

Dobrzeniecki, Karol. Prawo wobec sytuacji nadzwyczajnej. Między legalizmem a koniecznością. Toruń: Towarzystwo Naukowe Organizacji i Kierownictwa. Stowarzyszenie Wyższej Użyteczności "Dom Organizatora", 2018.

Dobrzeniecki, Karol, and Bogusław Przywora, eds. Ograniczenia praw i wolności w okresie pandemii Covid-19. Wybrane państwa. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Wymiaru Sprawiedliwości, 2021.

Domrin, Alexander. The limits of Russian democratization. Emergency powers and states of emergency. London-New York: Routledge, 2006.

Furnish, Dale Beck. “La jerarquia del ordenamiento juridico peruano.” The American Journal of Comparative Law 19, no. 1 (1971): 91–120.

Graveland, Bill. “Calgary and Red Deer Implement State of Emergency to Help Fight Spread of Coronavirus.” The Globe and Mail, March 16, 2020. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/alberta/article-we-will-get-more-cases-calgary-implements-state-of-emergency-to. Accessed March 10, 2021.

Kelly, Joseph B., and George A. Pelletier. “Theories of emergency government.” South Dakota Law Review XI (1966): 42–69.

Hengbo, Zhu, Li Wei, and Ping Niu. “The novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China.” Global Health Research and Policy 5, no. 1 (2020). https://ghrp.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41256-020-00135-6. Accessed March 10, 2021.

Urbaniak, Monika. “Lex coronavirus. Włoskie prawo w walce z pandemią.” Studia Prawa Publicznego 1 (2020): 9–26.

Prokop, Krzysztof. Modele stanu nadzwyczajnego. Białystok: Temida 2, 2012.

Prokop, Krzysztof. “Wokół problematyki stanu klęski żywiołowej w konstytucjach państw europejskich.” In Studia i szkice z prawa publicznego. Księga dla uczczenia pamięci Profesora Eugeniusza Smoktunowicza, edited by Andrzej Nowakowski, 124–143. Rzeszów: RS Druk, 2008.

Rossiter, Clinton L. Constitutional dictatorship. Crisis government in the modern democracies. Princeton, New Jersey: Routledge, 1948.

Tabaszewski, Robert. “The permissibility of limiting rights and freedoms in the European and national legal systems due to health protection.” Review of European and Comparative Law 42, no. 3 (2020): 51–89. https://doi.org/10.31743/recl.6100.

Questiaux, Nicole. “Study of the implications for human rights of recent developments concerning situations known as the states of siege or emergency.” UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1982/15, 1982, par. 34/35.


Opublikowane
2021-08-21


Dobrzeniecki, K., & Przywora, B. (2021). Legal Basis for Introducing Restrictions on Human Rights and Freedoms during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Review of European and Comparative Law, 46(3), 43–65. https://doi.org/10.31743/recl.12439

Karol Dobrzeniecki  dobrzeniec@wp.pl
Wydział Prawa i Administracji, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

Dr. habil. Karol Dobrzeniecki, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Administration, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun; correspondence address: ul. Bojarskiego 3, 87-100 Toruń, Poland; e-mail: karol.dobrzeniecki@umk.pl; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6364-9793.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6364-9793
Bogusław Przywora 
Faculty of Law and Economy, Jan Długosz University

Dr. habil. Bogusław Przywora, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Economy, Jan Długosz University; correspondence address: ul. Zbierskiego 2/4, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland; e-mail: b.przywora@ujd.edu.pl; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-3971.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-3971



Licencja

Creative Commons CC-BY