Gloss to the Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C 129/18, SM versus Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section
Katarzyna WochFaculty of Law, Canon Law and Administration, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin , Poland
The right of family members of Union citizens to live with them in the host Member State has always been considered essential for an effective freedom of movement of citizens. However, the provisions of Directive 2004/38/EC contain a different description of the scope of rights of family members of Union citizens taking advantage of the freedom of movement of persons as to the possibility of accompanying or joining EU citizens taking advantage of the freedom of movement of persons, depending on whether they belong to the circle of ‘closer’ or ‘distant’ family members. This issue acquires particular significance in the context of family members who are not citizens of any Member State of the Union. For individuals belonging to the circle of ‘closer’ family members, the EU legislator grants the subjective right to accompany or join a Union citizen exercising the right of the freedom of movement of persons. In the latter case, the legislator only obliges the host Member States to facilitate entry and residence for such individuals in accordance with their national legislation. The glossed judgment, by determining the status of individuals under legal guardianship within the framework of the Algerian kafala system as a ‘distant’ family member of a Union citizen, clearly touches upon a significant issue in the context of the Union’s freedom of movement of persons.
Keywords:family members, kafala, free movement of persons, citizenship of the European Union, direct descendants
Dominika E. Harasimiuk, 2016, “Skuteczne korzystanie z prawa pobytu przez obywateli UE i członków ich rodzin”, Ius Novum, No 1: 63-78.
ed. K. Piasecki, 2011, Kodeks rodzinny i opiekuńczy. Komentarz, Warsaw: CH Beck.
Francesca Strumia, 2019, “The family in EU Law after SM Ruling: variable geometry and conditional deference”, European Papers, 1: 389-393.
Jolanta Bucińska, 2009, Status prawny członka rodziny obywatela Unii Europejskiej, Zeszyty Nauk Prawnych, 2: 57-74.
Magdalena Gniadzik Magdalena, 2018, Ewolucja statusu obywateli Unii wobec państwa przyjmującego i państwa pochodzenia w świetle orzecznictwa Trybunału Sprawiedliwości Unii Europejskiej”, Warsaw, C.H. Beck.
Nadjma Yassari, 2015, Adding by Choice: Adoption and Functional Equivalents in Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, American Journal of Comparative Law, 4: 927-962.
Valeria Di Comite, 2016, “New trends concerning the right of residence of familiars of EU citizens”, Cogito. Multidisciplinary Research Journal, No 3: 21-36.
Wiesław Bar, 2004, Pochodzenie dziecka i władza rodzicielska w prawie rodzinnym państw islamskich, Studia z Prawa Wyznaniowego, 7: 221-232.